I will pay for the following article Cognitive Science Theory: Prototype Theory. The work is to be 5 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page. In addition, in this theory, it is argued that a category might have different features, which have the same status. In this case, therefore, the example of concepts or items which resemble all or most of these features are ranked as the prototypes of that particular category.
On the other hand, those concepts and items that do not share majority features as those of the category will be considered to belong to the specific category. however, these will not be representative of the prototype. Nonetheless, different people apply the prototype theory differently, depending on their level of cognitive development, as well as experience.
.These include intelligence, personality trait, environmental setting, behavioral act, and social situations. This theory has also been influential in the development of new approaches to the assessment of personality and psychiatric diagnosis. Nonetheless, different studies have been conducted at various times in order to explore the applicability of the prototype theory in different domains.
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Hampton (1995) conducted four different experiments in order to test two predictions of the prototype theory. In the first experiment, Hampton tested for the prediction that, when the defining features of a concept are only partially by an instance, then the characteristic (unnecessary) features of concepts can have an effect on categorization (Hampton, 1995). The subjects in the four experiments were 72, except for experiment two, where they were 36. These included adults, mainly students and city employees. The materials included 26 concepts, from which each experiment chose to utilize. Nonetheless, the experiments were unable to identify clearly the necessary features for a number of concepts. The second prediction that the tests tested was that “the effect of changing a feature on category membership should be the greatest when the probability of categorization is closest to 50%” (Hampton, 1995. p. 686).
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