Development and History of Unix and Linux.

Provide a 7 pages analysis while answering the following question: Development and History of Unix and Linux. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Some of the key substantial (versions) types of the original UNIX include the V1 (1971) which was the very initial version of UNIX and is up to now coded in assembly language. V1 (1971) was mainly used for text processing in patent preparation. The version has the following components: a fork (), ed, roff and a file system. The subsequent V2 was intended to integrate the system call referred to as the pipe(). Consequently, V4 (1973) was developed. coded language C, thus portraying an improvement on portability when used in other systems.
Amazingly, V6 (1975) was developed, one of the initial UNIX versions, that is extensively available in other places other than within the Bell Labs. V6 is widely used in academic arenas. Some of the components of V6 are Ritchie’s C, Kernighan, Bourne shell, and UUCP amongst other features. Therefore, V6 was named the first Unix product from the University of California Berkeley.
However, various programmers from the same University of California decided to hack the source code that contributors such as AT&T had written, and thus leading to numerous master theses. Consequently, the BSD (Berkeley Standard Distribution) emerged as the second key variant of the “UNIX” as a brand. BSD was extensively adopted in both corporate and university computing environments. Beginning with the development of BSD 4.2, which was realized in 1984, some BSD features got integrated into SVR4. The notable contribution of BSD was on the TCP/IP networking. The process was partly funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). TCP/IP was considered instrumental towards the establishment of the internet.

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In the 1990s, the licensing authority by AT&T’s source code had realized a thriving market to accommodate as many UNIX variants as possible, including the various manufacturers.
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