Write a 15 pages paper on aiwan society after martial law in 1987. Prior to 1949, KMT (Kuomingtang) and CCP (China Communist Party) had engaged in campaigns against each other. KMT (under president Chiang Kai Shek) tried to consolidate its power over the whole of China, which entailed repressing communist movements, but CCP eventually acquired more mass support and soldiers that led to overpowering of KMT (“The Chinese,” ku.edu). Remnants of KMT fled into Taiwan and instituted their authoritative government and martial law to control dissidents. For the next 38 years, it was a dark period for Taiwanese, characterized by terror, movements’ suppression, massacre, and detention of innocent civilians. According to Chang, the beginning incident of 28 February 1947 to mid-march leftover 10000 deaths and thousands of injured people, while the white terror period beginning from the 1950s employed legal and judicial oppressive policies, subjecting Taiwanese people to violations of their human rights (like torture, executions, and arrests) by ruthless military force (p.8). As they suppressed local elites and opposing political dissidents, development and social reform were hampered. However, chances for KTM old guards and oppressive regimes were cut short with the introduction of more flexible policies in the 80s, after the termination of martial law and later statutes on the banner of mobilization suppression and mobilization law previously enacted in the 40s and 50s.
For such an authoritative government and the forces in society that drove to the lifting of the martial law, KMT had to relinquish certain powers and change certain laws. What the government did is enact others with limited rights, while other oppressive ones remained to govern the society. First, the society remained under KMT rule. and though the atmosphere in governance could be tolerant, thirteen more years from 1987 they remained in power. .
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